::Pushtimargiya Utsav Bhav Bhavna::

 

Chappanbhog Mahotsav

Importance: (Discussed by PPG 108 Shree Vrajeshkumarji Maharajshri - Kankroli Naresh, at Shree Ladileshji mandir on 6 Jan on the occasion of Chappanbhog Mahotsav)

Chappanbhog Mahamahotsav has three forms:

1. Adhibhautik

2. Adhyatmik

3. Adhidaivik

 

1. Adhibhautik:

Chappanbhog is actually related to nandalay leela. The arrival of Nanadraiji (Entire Braj mandal) at

Shree Vrushbhanji's home and Shree Vrushbhanji receiving and weloming all the guests is related with this utsav.The shape of Vraj is just like a Lotus (Kamal). Vraj is just like half bloomed Lotus. Lotus has 3 layers of petals.

First layer: 8 Petals

Second Layer: 16 Petals

Third Layer: 32 Petals

Total 56 petals are their in Lotus. Thus with the bhavna of total 56 places of Vraj, Shree Prabhu is offered Chappanbhog. The Gujarati pronounciation of number 56 is 'Chappan' and thus it is known as Chappanbhog Utsav.

2. Adhidaivik form:

In Vallabh Sampraday, their are main 8 nidhi swaroops in seven Gruhs. The preparation of bhog from all these seven Gruhs to 8 nidhi swaroopas i.e. 7 * 8 = 56 is chappanbhog. The common misnomer amongst the vaishanvas is that since 56 types os samagris are offered to Shree Prabhu, it is known as Chappanbhog. This is wrong since more then 300 types of samagris are offered in Chappanbhog.

3. Adhyatmik form: The main sentiment of vallabh Sampraday is 'Samarpan' to Lord Shree Krishna. Scriptures tells us that after assuming 84 lakhs different bodies, jeeva takes the birth as a human. The number of births after deducting this birth becomes 83,99,999 births. The summation of the digits of this number becomes 56. This means that jeeva dedicates all his sins done in all births onto the lotus like feet of Shree Krishna.

Sentimental (Bhavnatmak) Analysis:

In the treatise 'SidhhantMuktavali', Shreemad Vallabhacharyaji has described two categories of Service refering to the stage of devotee.

1. Phala Rupa Manasi Seva and

2. Sadhana Rupa / Tanuvitthaja Seva

Phal Rupa Manasi Seva: When a devotee is completely attached to Shree Krishna with profound affection and without least deviation of mind, service in such a state is called 'PhalRupa Seva' - the service in the state of accomplishment (maturity).

Sadhan Rupa Seva: 'Sadhan' means instrument. The Service which is under the instrumental stage is called sadhan Rupa seva.

In these types of seva, chappanbhog has its own unique importance and place. Describing the 'Vrats' of Maghsar month, Shree Naradji tells to Bahulasch king that 'Shat Pacchashatmaih Bhogehe Kuryaat Sevam Samahitah"

While setting up the Utsav and daily seva routine, Shreemad Vallabhacharyaji had taken the conclusions from panchashtra, vaikhanas, and Vedmishra Bhagwat. In this utsav seva routine, the special routine of chappanbhog utsav also comes. According to Vedic opinion, the swaroop of Chappanbhog is same as swaroop of 'Somyaga". Actually, if we really go in deep and analyze, we see that whole seva routine of chappanbhog is just like a 'Yagya'. 'ShadrutuMartand' granth has described the importance of Chappanbhog mahotsav and has also described the Adhvaryu,Udgata etc which are the part of somyagya and had compared with somyagya.

Shree Gusaiji, on the occasion of Vivah of Shree Giridharlalji (First son of Shree Gusaiji) did the firt chappanbhog utsav in V.S. 1615 on Maghsar Sud Poonima and offered to Shree Govardhandharan Shree Nathji. From that day till today, the tradition of celebrating this utsav is being followed.

Several great Acharyas of Pushtimarg i.e. Shree Gokulnathji, Shree Hariraiji and Shree Purushottamji had described the swaroop of Chappanbhog Mahotsav. Chappanbhog Mahotsav is not only about food i.e. Samagris. It is in fact a Bhav Pradhan Utsav.

According to the Kirtan:

"Shree Vrishbhan sadan Bhojan Ko Nandadik Sab Aaye Ho"

pada by Shree Gadhadhardasji .

According to the above stanza of Shree Gadadhardasji, the main bhavna (Sentiment) behind Chappanbhog mahotsav is below:

Once, Shree Radhikaji requested Shree Vrushbhanji that she wanted to do darshan of Nandrajkumar otherwise she would not take food. To satisfy her, Shree Vrushbhanji invited entire family of Shree Nandraiji and entire Brajmandal to his house for meal. During this time, Shree Brahmaji did the secret Vivah of Shree Krishna and Shree Radhikaji at SanketVan. Since entire Vraj mandal went at Shree Vrushbhanji's house and since Vraj mandal consists of 56 main divine sport location of Shree Krishna and Radhikaji, this Utsav came to be known as Chappanbhog Utsav.

The Kumarikas (Gop Kanyas) did the Katyayani Vrat for one month in Maghsar to get Shree Krishna (Nandraajkumar) as their husband. At the end of this VratCharya, Kumarikas (Gopkanyas) thought to offer the Chappanbhog to Lord Shree Krishna as a symbol of the completion of Vrat. Thus Shree Lalitaji first offered the Chappanbhog to Shree Nandraajkumar.

The First chappanbhog utsav was offered by Vrajsimantinis to Lord Shree Krishna in Saraswat Kalp at Nikunj in girirajji. Indirectly, the Annakut Utsav was responsible to give birth to this utsav. When Shree Krishna himself in the form of Shree Girirajji did the bhog of Annakut, Vrajvasis were amazed and all Gopikas began to desire to offer such bhog in privacy. All gopikas requested Nandraajkumar to fulfill this manorath of Gopikas and Nandraajkumar agreed to do so.

56 Main Sakhis in Chappanbhog:

The manorath was done only by 56 main sakhis. They took different divine forms and started serving Lord Shree Krishna. From these 56 sakhis, some of them were:

  • Nandas
  • Upanandas
  • Vrishbhanu
  • Sakha

Assumed the form of sakhi and rest 24 Navnandas, 9 Upanandas and 6 Vrushbhanus assumed form of Patranis. Thus, in this way total 56 Sakhis did the Chappanbhog Utsav. The Vraj Kamal (Lotus) also has three layers (8-16-32 petals) addition of which is 56. Thus all these 56 sakhis in this lotus are 56 petals and at the middle of Lotus, is Shree Krishna.

Vraj Kamal

Decoration of Samagris in Chappanbhog:

Chappanbhog can be done only by Goswami Balaks. At first, when Shree Thakurji arrives for chappanbhog, other 14 swaroops (bhavnatmak) also are seated and separate sihasan is made. These 14 swaroopas are:

  1. Shree Nandraiji
  2. Shree Yasodaji
  3. Shree Vrishbhanji
  4. Shree Kirtiji
  5. Shree Baldevji
  6. Shree Revtiji
  7. Shree Lalitaji
  8. Shree Chandravaliji
  9. Shree Maharaniji

Differences between Chappanbhog and Annakut Utsavs

Sr. No.

Chappanbhog

Annakut

1

There is no such limit or measure of the samagris to be offered in this utsav. It is offered as much as one can

There is a limit in the samagris offered. A specific amount (Neg) is only offered in Annakut.

2.

In Chappanbhog, amount of AnSakhadi samagri is more then Sakhadi

In annakut, Sakhadi is more then Ansakhadi

3.

Chappanbhog is the bhog offered by Sakhis at Nikunj

Annakut is the bhog offered by Shree Nandaraiji

4.

Chappanbhog can be done on any Shubh day

Annakut can only be done upto certain days from Kartak sud 1

The Chappanbhog Utsavs done for Shree Dwarkadhish Prabhu-Kankroli are listed below:

Sr. No.

Date

Occasion

Done by

1.

Paush Krishna 7 V.S. 1895

 

Shree Purushottamji

2.

AShwin Shukla 13 V.S. 1942

 

Ni. Li. PPG 108 Shree Balkrishnalalji (II) at Vitthal Vilas

3.

Chaitra Krishna 10 V.S. 1951

 

Shree Balkrishnalalji (II)

4.

Jyestha Krishna 5 V.S. 1976

Yagyopavit Sanskar of Shree Brijbhushanlalji (13 th Tilakayat)

Ni. Li. P. Goswami Saudaryavati Bahuji Maharaj (Bhabhiji Maharaj) – Bahuji of Ni. Li. Goswami 108 Shree Balkrishnalalji (II)

5.

Chaitra Shukla 15 V.S. 1981

 

Ni. Li. P. Goswami Saudaryavati Bahuji Maharaj (Bhabhiji Maharaj) – Bahuji of Ni. Li. Goswami 108 Shree Balkrishnalalji (II)

6.

Margashirsh Krishna 9 V.S. 1998

 

Ni. Li. PPG 108 Shree Brijbhushanlalji Maharaj (13 th Tilakayat)

7.

Asadh Krishna 8 V.S. 2017

Vivah of PPG 108 Shree Brijeshkumarji Maharajshri (Present Tilakayat)

Ni. Li. PPG 108 Shree Brijbhushanlalji Maharaj (13 th Tilakayat)

8.

Jyestha Krishna 9 V.S. 2041

 

Kankroli Naresh Tilakayat PPG 108 Shree Brijeshkumar Maharajshri

9.

Vaishakh Shukla 1 V.S. 2050

Shree Dwarkadhishji was seated with Shree Shreenathji

Kankroli Naresh Tilakayat PPG 108 Shree Brijeshkumar Maharajshri

10.

Vaishakh Shukla 5 V.S. 2055

Yagyopavit sanskaar of Vedant Raja and Siddhant Raja

Kankroli Naresh Tilakayat PPG 108 Shree Brijeshkumar Maharajshri