:: Utsav, Mahotsav, Manorath and Mahamahotsavs::

 

Utsavs (Pushtimargiya Festivals): (For bhav bhavna of all utsavs click here)

One of the important parts of human life is to enjoy the eternal bliss (Ananda), enjoyment (divine), enthusiasm and zeal. The clear expression of this enthusiasm and zeal is done by celebrating the festivals i.e. Utsavs. The word ‘Utsav’ is derived from the word ‘Utsaah’ i.e. enthusiasm. The uniqueness of pushtimarga is everything is done for the ‘Tatsukh’ i.e. for the goodness of our thakurji i.e. Lord Shree Krishna. The festivals, thus, are celebrated for Shree Thakurji’s service i.e. ‘Shree Prabhu Viniyog’. The mundane and materialistic desires (kaam) are diverted to take a pure, divine and truthful path of eternity i.e. eternal bliss. Due to this, all the senses  (indriyas) of a bhakta are diverted to the service of Lord Shree Krishna. This is well described by JagadGuru Shreemad Vallabhacharyaji in apshri’s commentary of Shreemad Bhagwat Mahapuran i.e. Shree Subodhiniji.
"Rasostave Sampravrutte Gopi Mandal Manditehe |
Utsave Naam Manasah Sarva Vismarak Ahlaad Utsav Sampaadanaaya Sajaatiyaan Evam Rasotpaadanartham Vishesmaah ||

“Manasah” means forgetting our material attributes of our body and mind, we have to indulge in expressing our divine eternal bliss (Ananda) by celebrating the festivals (Utsavs) by including our ‘Sajaatiya’ i.e. our satsangis (i.e. the one who also are the true, divine bhaktas of Lord Krishna). This experience of eternal bliss by expressing in the form of Utsavs is also done by Vrajbhaktas in ‘Maharaas’. Also, whenever Shree Krishna returns from the afternoon ‘Gocharan’, during the ‘Sandhya’, there comes an enthusiasm in the eyes of Gopikas and Vrajbhaktas to have a glance of Shree Prabhu since after a long day of separation, Shree Prabhu returns back to home. This is the true ‘Utsav’ which includes the ‘Virah’ for Shree Prabhu.

Mahotsavas:

A mahotsav is celebrated to express the experience of eternal bliss (Ananda). In this, the appearance day of any Goswami Balaks, Vivah or any auspicious occasion are included. For example, when Shree Nandraiji got Shree Krishna as his son, at that time, Shree nandraiji celebrated the utsav in the form of ‘Mahotsav.’ When Shree Krishna took Shree Rukshamaniji at Dwarika, the people of Dwarika celebrated the vivah of Shree Krishna in form of Mahotsav.

Maha Mahotsav:

Accidently, or surprisingly, if any auspicious good news are received and due to which the enthusiasm increases 2 times, 4 times, 8 times, 16 times and so on. This is known as ‘Maha Mahotsav’.
For e.g. At the very old age, Shree Nandraiji got a son (Shree Krishna). This incident was surprising and auspicious to entire Braj Mandal and thus the festival was celebrated with more enthusiasm. Kirtan like ‘Maha Mahotsav Shree Gokul Gaam’ describes this.

Another example is the sudden appearance of divine arm of Shree Govardhannathji. Due to this, all the vrajvasis celebrated the utsav in this form of Maha Mahotsav.

Manorathas:

Manorath is derived from word ‘Man’ which means that the divine desires originated from mind. To fulfill the divine desires originated from mind for Lord’s Service, which is done by prior planning is known as ‘Manorath’. The main aim of any utsav, mahotsav and manorath should be to achieve ‘Sukh’ for Lord.

Thus Utsavs are of four types:

  1. Nityotsav: “Nitya” means daily. The daily ‘Ashta yaam’ seva of Lord from ‘Mangala’ to ‘Shayan’ is known as ‘Nityotsav’. Daily new ornaments,clothes, samagris etc are offered to Shree Prabhu and thus is also a form of utsav. Thus it is called ‘Nityotsav’.
  1. Naimitikotsav: Utsavs celebrated for a particular cause or reason like ‘Vivah’, Birth of any Goswami Balaks etc is ‘Naimitikotsav’ i.e. the one which is celebrated for a specific cause.
  1. Parvanik Utsav: Utsavs celebrated based on Vedic festivals based on Nakshatras are parvanik utsavs. This is derived from the word ‘Parva’. The utsavs like ‘Rathyatra’,’ Snan Yatra’ etc are based on Nakshatras.
  1. Maha Mahosavs

 

Nityotsav:

Nityotsav: “Nitya” means daily. The daily ‘Ashta yaam’ seva of Lord from ‘Mangala’ to ‘Shayan’ is known as ‘Nityotsav’. Daily new ornaments,clothes, samagris etc are offered to Shree Prabhu and thus is also a form of utsav. Thus it is called ‘Nityotsav’.

In the kirtans also, the bhaktas sing

  1. ‘Yeh Neet Nem Yasodaju Mere..’
  2. ‘Deen Dulhe Mero Kunwar Kahaiya..’

In the ‘Ashtayaam Seva’, four morning and four evening glances (darshanas) of Lord is done. In morning, ‘Mangala’, ‘Shrungar’, ‘Gwal’, and ‘Rajbhog’ darshanas. In evening routine, ‘Utthapan’, ‘Bhog’, ‘Aarti’, and ‘Shayan’ darshanas.

In pushtimarga and in shreenathji, Nine darshanas are done representing the nine types of Bhakti known as ‘Navdha Bhakti’.

Sr. No.

Darshan

Type of Bhakti

Swaroop

Ashta chaap

Leela Swaroop

Leela Swaroop

1

Mangala

Smaran Bhakti

Shree Navnitpriyaji

Paramananddasji

Tok

Chandrabhaga

2

Shrungar

Kirtan Bhakti

Shree Chandramaji

Nanddasji

Bhoj

Chitralekha

3

Apras

Archanbhakti

 

 

 

 

4

Gwal

Atmanivedan

Shree Dwarkanathji

Govindswami

Shree Dama

Bhamaji

5

Rajbhog

Vandan Bhakti

Shreenathji

Kumbhandasji

Arjun

Vishakhaji

6

Utthapan

Shravan Bhakti

Shree Mathureshji

Surdasji

Krishna

Champaklataji

7

Bhog

Dasyabhakti

Shree Gokulnathji

Chatrabhujdasji

Subahu

Sushila

8

Aarti

Sakhya Bhakti

Shree Vitthalnathji

Chittswami

Subal

Padma

9

Shayan

PaadsevanBhakti

Shree Madanmohanji

Krishnadas

Rushabh

Lalitaji

In different Gruhs, the number of darshanas may vary from 4-8.

Also, there is bhavna of 6 seasons in a single day in Vraj.

Sr. No.

Season

Nikunj

Location

Time

Manorath

Utsav

1.

Vasant (Spring)

Pokhraaj (Shree Swaminiji)

Punchari – Dandwati Shila

Morning 6-10 am

Mangala-aarti – Shrungar and Gopivallabh bhog

Dolotsav

2.

Grishma (Summer)

Panna (Lalitaji)

Dandwati Shila – Jatipura Manasi Ganga

10 am – 2 Pm

Rajbhog

Ful Mandali

3.

Varsha (Monsoon)

Manek (Ruby) – Vishakhaji

Manasi Ganga – Shree Govardhan Shree Radhakund

2 – 6 pm

Utthapan and Bhog aarti

Hindola

4.

Sharad (Autumn)

Heera (Diamond) Shree Chandravaliji

Shree Radhakund – Chandrasarovar

6 pm -10 pm

Shayan Bhog

Rasostasav

5.

Hemant (Dew)

Gold – Shree Yamunaji

Chandrasarovar – Anyor

10 pm – 2 am

Kunwaro

Jagran

6.

Shishir (Winter)

Neelmani – Shree Thakurji

Anyor – Govindkund

2-6 am

Mangal Bhog

Vasant

 

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