:: Bhakti and Bhakti Marg ::

Samarpana : Surrender

In Maryada Bhakti Marga you offer something (Arpana) to divine being. But in Pusti Bhakti Marga you surrender everything. A Pusti Bhakta never keeps anything for himself. He surrenders all to HIM. He takes a vow to remain a dasa or servant. He conveniences himself to lead a life maintaining the dharma of a dasa by mind, speech and action. There is a fundamental difference between this aspect of “arpana” and “samarpana”.

Sastras have explained thus :-

If a person though a supreme holder of his vast properties decides to offer everything to anotehr, and leave all his ownership over it, then it is called “dana” i.e., bestowing all to somebody. Dana means giving up your personal authority over your property. Here sastras are clear in their dictacts. They say that when once you have granted your permission to someone eles, you cannot under any circiumstances take it back. A donor cannot even use the donated property for himself. Even if he enjoys it unknowingly, he will be subjected to moral offence. It amounts to a Mahadisha (great offence) and one has to perform “Prayaschita”. (It is a process where you perform certain rites to compensate your offence).

In this manner if a person donates any object of his possession to any devi or devata it is called “arpana” i.e., an offering. The principles of “dana” (donation) apply even to this kind of relegious offering when an object is offered in this fashion to any devi or devta. the donor cannot then claim any right over it or attempt to use it. Whatever is donated to devi and devata is known as “deva dravya” i.e., money belonging to celestials. Any usage of “deva druvya”, under sastras, is considered to a great sin. Sastras go to the extent of claiming that, even if you touch a person who uses the deva dravya. You will also be viliteed . To get your purified you heave to take a bath once again.

Not only in Hindu Dharma but even in the Jain Dharma, the followeres when they offer any thing to their chosen deity, would not dare to touch it again. This “deva dravya” should be utilised for devas only. When you offer something to “Mahadevji” it is called “siva Nirmalya”. This siva nirmalya is not accepted even by HIS devotees. Only HIs “pujari” – priest takes it. But no one would like to exchange a daughter in marriage or sit with him in feasts when once he accepts siva nirmalya. He would be considered to belong to low status. These Brahmins are known with name : “Tapodhana” All Hindus who offer objects or eatables to devi and devas as “Nauvedya” is offering will never use them.