:: Rich Heritage of Dhrupad Sangeet in Pushtimarg::

Chapter 5: Nitya Kirtan and Utsav Kirtan Pranalika (i.e. Routine) explanation

  1. Understanding of General Daily Kirtan Routine Nitya Kirtan Pranalika
  2. Kirtan routine during the days of Vasant
  3. Kirtan Routine during summer i.e.UshnaKaal
  4. Kirtan Routine during Monsoon i.e.VarshaKaal
  5. Some of the Ragas sung in Pushtimarg
  6. The Musical Intruments used to sing kirtans

Understanding of General Daily Kirtan Routine Nitya Kirtan Pranalika

Before Mangala : Before Shree Prabhu wakes up in the morning, the Alapchari “Shree Govardhanoddhar dhir ladilo Lalan Var jaagiye” is sung. This is sung in Raga in which the kirtans is to be sung during mangala. For example, during monsoon, this alapchari is sung in ‘Malhaar’ Raga.

After ShankhNaad : After ShankhNaad in “Jalghar”, Shree Prabhu wakes up. After ShankhNaad, one pada of Shree Mahaprabhuji, One of Shree Gusaiji and One of Shree Yamunaji is sung in raga Bhairav. If monsoon, it is sung in ‘Malhaar’. After that, the “Jagaaveke” padas is sung according to the season. This is generally sung in Raag Bhairav, Bibhas and Ramkali.

      • Shree Mahaprabhuji Pada – 1
      • Shree Gusaiji Pada – 1
      • Shree Yamunaji Pad – 1
      • Jagaayve Pad – 2

During Mangal Bhog : When Mangal Bhog is offered, the pads of Mangal Bhog i.e. “Kalevu” padas are sung. These all are sung in ragas suitable to season. Generally, in winter, the ragas Ramkali, Malkauns are sung. During Vasant, Raga Vasant is sung. In summer, Bibhas, Bilaval are sung. In monsoon, Malhaar raga is sung. After that Padas of Shree Yamunaji are sung in Ramkali Raga.

      • Kalevu Pad – 2
      • Shree Yamunaji Pad – 1

After Mangal Bhog : After Shree Prabhu has had His breakfat, Mangal Bhog, the pada “Mangal Mangalam Vraj Bhuvi Mangalam” is sung without fail. This is generally sung in ‘Bhairav’ Raga.

7 . Mangal Mangalam Vraj Bhuvi Mangalam - 1

Mangala Darshan opens : In this, kirtans of Khandita are sung (If no badhai or Utsav is there). If the days of badhai or utsavs are there, the kirtans of Badhai or Utsavs are sung. The khandita padas are sung in the raga according to the season. In winter, the raga ‘Malkauns’ and ‘Lalit’ is sung.

7 . Pada with the bhav of Khandita or badhai

Shringar Aushara : After the Mangala Darshan, if Abhyang is to be done, the pad “Kar Modak Maakhan Mishri” is sung instead of “Bhog Shrungar Maiya” is sung in Raga Bilaval. During the time of Vratcharya, the Ashtapadi “Vrajanand Kandam” is sung. If there is badhai, badhai kirtans are sung instead of Khandita or Vratcharya.

9 . Shrungar Aushara – 2 padas Snan Abhyang (if any)

While Offering Shrungar : Kirtans of offering shringar are sung during this time in Raga Bilaval.

10 . Shrungar pada.

Shrungar Darshan : During the darshan of Shrungar, the kirtans describing the present Shrungar, as adorned by Shree Prabhu, are sung. For example, if Mukuta is offered, the kirtans decribing the shrungar of Mukuta are sung. These are sung according to the season. During the Vasant Dhamar, padas are sung in Vasant Raga.

11 . Shrungar Darshan Sanmukh Pad – 1 or 2

Shree GopiVallabh Bhog comes : This bhog comes only at the havelis of Goswami Balaks. After Shrungar, the Gopivallabh bhog is offered. At this time, the padas of Ghaiya are sung. Also, the kirtans of Gwal are sung. After the ‘Gwal Bole’, the kirtans of Ghaiyaa are sung.

12 . Ghaiyaa Pad - 1

Gwal Darshan : After this, Gwal Darshan is opened. During this, one pad of palana is always sung. If the days of badhai are there, then badhai kirtans are sung. During Basant, the kirtans are sung in Vasant Raga.

13 . Palana Pad – 1, If utsav then 4 padas of palana

Arrival of Rajbhog : The Kirtanas of ‘Van Bhojan’ i.e. ‘Chaak’, “Bhojan”, “Vrajbhaktas home”, “Bhojan at Nandbhavan” and “Bhojan at Nikunj” are sung. If there is badhai or utsav, the kirtanas of badhais are sung. NityaChaak Kirtans are sung in Raga Saarang in summer. In winter, these are sung in Raag Asavari, Dhanashri, Todi. In summer, ‘Sarang’ Raga is sung. In monsoon, ‘Malhaar’ raga is sung.

14 . Bhojan Padas - 4

Rajbhog Sare : At this time, the padas of ‘Achavan’ and one pad of ‘Biri’ is sung.

  • Achavan Pad -1
  • Biri Pad -1

Rajbhog Darshan : During winter, the padas of Hilag are sung in raga Asavari, Todi and Dhanashri. During summer, the kirtanas of Khaskhasana, Kunj, Panghat, Chandan are sung in raga Saarang. Sometimes, the Ragmala is also sung. During the times of Ghaata, in the winter, the kirtans of Ghataa are sung. If the badhai is there, the badhai kirtans are sung.

17 . Rajbhog Sanmukh – 1 pad

Utthapan Darshan : Utthapan kirtans are sung to gently awaken the Lord from his afternoon siesta.

18. Uttthpan Kirtans – 1 pad

Bhog Darshan : The kirtans are sung in accordance with the Shrungar and season. In winter, the raga Nat, Gauri, Purvi are sung. In summer, the raga saarang, SaamantSaarang etc are sung. In monsoon the ‘Malhaar’ raga is sung. If badhai is there, badhai padas are sung.

19 . Bhog kirtan, in accordance with shringar, season and utsav.

Sandhya Bhog : Before the darshan, the kirtans are sung in the Haveli. In the Sandhya Aarti, the padas in Raga Asavari are sung. If Badhai, then Badhai kirtans are sung. In this, Gauri, Purvi, Hamir, Sorath etc ragas are sung.

20. Sandhya Aarti Padas – 1 or 2

After Sandhya Aarti : When Shree Prabhu’s Shrungar are taken off, that time, the kirtans of “Chandra Prakash” are sung.

21 . Chandra Prakash – padas describing the moon and the evening.

Gwal Bole : After the Gwal Bole, the kirtans of Ghaiya are sung. If badhai, then badhai kirtans are sung.

22. Gwal Bole or badhai.

Shayan Bhog : When Shayan bhog comes, the kirtans of “Byaaru” are sung in “Iman”, “Kanhara” etc ragas. If the Badhai then badhai kirtans are sung. After the bhog, the kirtan of biri are sung.

23. Byaaru Padas - 2

Shayan Darshan : Generally, the padas according to Season are sung. Raag, Iman, Kalyan, Kedar, Adano, Bihag, Kanharo ragas are sung. If badhai, then badhai kirtans are done.

24 . Shayan Pad - 1

Maan Padas : After Shayan darshan, the kirtans of Maan are sung in Raag Kedar, Bihag.

25 . Maan padas

Ashraya Padas : After this, the ashraya padas of Shree Mahaprabhuji and Shree Gusaiji are sung i.e. “Dradh Ina Charanan Kero Bharoso”.

26 . Ashray padas – 2-3

So the kirtans are sung a minimum of about 26 times in a haveli.

Kirtan routine during the days of Vasant

The Alapchari, Pad of Shree Gusaiji, Pada of Shree Mahaprabhuji and Shree Yamunaji padas are sung in Vasant raga. The kirtans of “Jagaayve” and “Kalevu” are sung in Vasant Raga.

From Vasant Panchami to Hori Danda Ropan, from Mangala to Shayan, all kirtanas are sung only in Raga Vasant. Also, during this days when Vasant Khel is done in Rajbhog darshan, Shree Gusaiji’s Ashtapadi i.e. Vraj Yuvati Satsange Haririh is sung. This is sung daily from Vasant Panchami to Fagun Sud 10 during Rajbhog Darshan during Khel.

From Hori Danda Ropan, Dhamaar starts and Nitya Ragas like Bilaval, Dhanashri, Asavari, and Todi ragas are sung for Dhamar padas sung during Shrungar and Rajbhog. This is done up to Patotsav of Shreenathji. At evening, during sandhya aarti, the padas of dhamar in raga guari in Dhamaar Taal is sung especially.

From Shreenathji’s Patotsav, during Rajbhog, the raga saarang is started. From today, all ragas can be sung. Hori Rasiyas are sung in Rajbhog and Shayan. During Badhai, the badhai kirtans are sung.

Kirtan Routine during summer i.e.UshnaKaal

From the waking up onwards, padas are sung of Shree Yamunajis. All the padas are sung in Bhairav, Bibhas, Ramkali ragas. Especially, the bibhas rag is sung. During the Mangala Darshan, the Khandita pada is sung. And if the badhai is there, badhai kirtans are sung and khandita are not sung.

If the bath is to be performed with abhyang, then a kirtan of Abhyang is sung otherwise the kirtan ‘Bhog Shrungar Maiyaa” is sung in Raga Bilaval. The padas of Khandita could also be sung if not badhai.

After the dwitiya paat, the Raga Bilaval is sung especially during Shrungar Ausara and Shrungar. From Snanyatra to Rathyatra, the padas in Raag Suha and Sugharai are sung in Mangala Darshan. During the Rajbhog, Padas in Gaud Saarang and in Sandhya Aarti, the padas in Raga Hameer, Sorath are sung.

During the Shrungar Darshan, the padas are sung according to the bhava of Shrungar. During Jeth Vad, the padas in raag Suha and Sughrai are sung during Shrungar darshan. The kirtans of Palana are sung as usual in Ramkali, Bilaval and Asavari ragas.

When rajbhog comes, the Chaak padas are sung in raag Saarang i.e. Vrindavani Saarang, Saamant Saarang. The padas of kunj, Khaskhasana, Chandan, Ful mandali, Ful Shrungar, Chandan Shrungar etc are sung. During the badhai, badhai kirtans are sung. From Jeth Vad 1 to Rathyatra Bij, during the rajbhog Gaud Saarang is sung especially.

During the bhog Darshan, from Akshay Trutiya, Raag Samaant Saarang is sung. During Sandhya Aarti, the ragas Hameer, Sorath are sung. Sometimes, from Snanyatra to Rathyatra, these are sung in Maaru Raag. During Badhai, Badhai kirtans are sung.

After Sandhya Aarti, two padas of Ghaiya are sung. During badhai, badhai kirtans are sung. When Shayan Bhog comes, the Nitya Byaaru Kritans are sung and the padas of Dudh ar sung after that. These are sung in Iman, Kanharo, etc ragas. During the Shayan Darshan, the kirtans of Kunj are sung upto Rathyatra. From AskhayTrutiya to Snanyatra, the padas of Chandan and Ful Shrungar are sung during Shayan Darshan. During Badhai, badhai kirtans are sung.

The kirtans of Maan and Podhave Padas are sung after shayan darshan is closed and Shree Prabhu goes to sleep. After that the padas of Ashraya of Shree Mahaprabhuji and Shree Gusaiji are sung.

Kirtan Routine during Monsoon i.e.VarshaKaal

From waking up onwards, Shree Yamunaji padas, are all sung in ‘Malhaar’ Raga. Monsoon officially starts after the day of Rathyatra. Up to Asaadh Sud Poonam, during all times, the padas are sung only in Malhaar raga. From Rathyatra to Thakurani Tij, the padas are sung in Raag Malhar. From Asaadh 1 or 2 Hindola starts and after that other Ragas can be sung, but the main raga always remains “malhaar’.

During Badhai, Badhai kirtans are sung in Malhaar Raag. During Rajbhog, padas are also sung in Malhaar. After Thakurani Tij, padas can be sung in all ragas. In trutiya Gruh, when the Badhai of Janmashtami starts i.e on Asaadh Vad 4, all ragas can be sung.

The changes in the above routine can be done by Goswami Balaks

Sr. No.

Kirtans

Date and Time for singing

1

Badhai of Janmashtami

Asadh Vad 4 – Shravan Krishna 8 at all times

2

Badhai of Radhashtami

Bhadarva Sud 1 – Bhadarva Sud 8. After that Sud 9 and 10 Radhaji Badhai

3

Daan Ekadashi Padas

Bhadarva Sud 11 – Bhadarva Vad Amaas, from Mangala to Shayan, but when Sanjhi starts then not in Bhog Sandhya.

4

Sanjhi Padas

Bhadarva Sud 15 – Bhadarva Vad Amas during Bhog Sandhya only (not in badhai days)

5

Nav Vilaas Pads

Aso Sud 1 – 8, during Shrungar. In some ghars, it is also sung during Rajbhog or Sandhya

6

Dasehra – Annakut

Annakut Badhai is sung from Aso Sud 10 – Kartik Sud 1 during all times but from Aso Sud 6 – 10, during Bhog Sandhya, the padas of Karkha in Maaru Raag is sung. In some ghars, from Aso 1, Murali Padas are also sung and the kirtasn of Devi poojan are also sung.

7

Sharad - Raas Padas

From Aso Sud 11, Rasa Kirtans are sung during all times during Sanmukh. In Ausara, the kirtans of Govardhanpooja are sung.From ASo Vad 1 – Aso Vad 7, the Saras Leela are sung

8

Govardhan Pooja

During Mangala, Shrungar and Rajbhog, from Amas Sud and Kartik Sud 1 Annakut Bhog comes

9

Gaay Khelav

During Bhog Sandhya from ASo Vad 8 to Amas

10

Hatari and Deepmalika

During Shayan from 11 when Shree Prabhu sits in Hitari upto Amas in Raag Kanharo

11

Indramanbhang

After Annakut Bhog is taken off, From Aarti, the padas are sung upto Kartak Sud 7

12

Gopashtami

Kartik Sud 8 – Kartik Sud 10 at all times

13

Vivah Padas and Prabodhini

Kartik 11 when Dev Jage, Prabodhini padas are sung. After that, the padas of Vivah are sung upto Kartik Sud 15

14

Vratcharya Padas

Kartik Vad 1 to Maghsar Sud 15

15

Shree Gusaiji Badhai

Maghsar Sud 7 – Maghsar Vad 9. After, the Balleela is sung

16

Khandita Padas

In Ragas Lalit, Malkauns from Maghsar Sud 11 during mangala and Shrungar

17

Panghat Padas

Kartik Vad 1 - posh during Rajbhog

18

Hilag Padas

In Raagas Dhanashri, Asavari ,Todi during Rajbhog

19

Vasant

Maha Sud 5 – Maha Sud 15

20

Dhamaar

Maha Vad 1 – Dol at all times

21

Ful Mandali Kunj Padas

From Dwitiya Paat to Rathyatra during Rajbhog

22

Shree Mahaprabhuji Badhai

Chaitra Sud 11 – Chaitra Vad 11. After that Balleela

23

Samvatsar, Ramnavmi

Chaitra Sud 1 During Rajbhog and at the time of Ram Janma, the Ramnavmi Padas are sung upto Rajbhog

24

Khandita in Suha Sughrai

From Snanyatra to Rathyatra during mangala and Shrugar

25

Shree Yamunaji Padas

Vaishak Vad 1 – Snanyatra

26

Panghat Padas

Jeth Sud 11 – Sud 15 in Raga Bilaval

27

Gaud Saarang in Rajbhog

From Snanyatra to Rathyatra

28

Bhog

From Akshay Trutiya to Snanyatra, Raag Saarang

29

Bhog

From Snanyatra to Rathyatra, Raag Sorath

30

Sandhya Aarti

From Akshay Tritiya to Rathyatra, Raag Hamir

31

Sandhya Aarti

From Snanyatra to Rathyatra, Raag Sorath

32

Malhaar padas

From Rathyatra to Thakurani TIj during all times

33

Hindora Padas

Asaadh Vad 1 – Fagun Vad 2 in Sandhya and Shayan in Malhaar

34.

Kankaroli Naresh PPG Shree Vrajeshkumar Maharajshri Janma Divas

Badhai on Posh Sud 10

35.

First Tilakayak PPG Shree Balkrishnalalji

Badhai Bhadaarva Vad 13

36.

Shree Dwarkadhishji Patotsav

Asaadh Sud 5

37.

Shree Vrajbhushanlalji Maharaj

Maha Vad 2

38.

Shree Balkrishnaji Janmotsav – Dohara Mandaan

Asadh Vad 13

Some of the Ragas sung in Pushtimarg

Raags sung during kirtans

Gaud Malhaar

Bhairav

Sur Malhaar

Bibhas

Desh

Ramkali

Kaafi

Gunkali

Shri

Lalit

Malav

Malkauns

Suha

Pancham

Sughrai

Khat

Madhmaad Saarang

Dev Gandhar

Hori

Bilaval

Megh Malhaar

Alhaiya Bilaval

Jet

Asavari

Paraj

Jaunpuri

Bahar

Dhanashri

Bhupali

JetShri

Sorath

Todi

Hori Kaafi

Saarang

Shyam Kalyan

Vrindavani Saarang

Gor Kalyan

Saamant Saarang

Jet Kalyan

Noor Saarang

Iman Kalyan

Gaud Saarang

Chaiti Gori

Nat

Gurjari

Gauri

Rangili

Purvi

Shat Manjari

Maaru

Gandhar

Purya Kalyan

Varadi

Sorath

Kamkum

Hameer

Kaamod

Kalyan

Tilak Kamod

Iman

Madhavi

Kanharo

Deshkaar

Nayaki

BHairavi

Bageshri

Lachaari Todi

Darbari

Nat Bilaval

Adano

Suha Bilaval

Jangalo

Kalingado

Khamaaj

Koshi Kanharo

Pilu

Gurjari Todi

Raiso

Kukubh Bilaval

Jaijaiwanti

Pat Deep

Kalavati

Shyaano Kanharo

Sindhudo

 

Kedaro

 

Bihag

 

Bihaagaro

 

Vasant

 

Sohini

 

Hindol

 

Malhaar

 

The Musical Intruments used to accompany kirtans

Tanpura

Jhanj

Pakhavaj – Mrudang

Harmonium

Kinnari

Daf

Been

Amrut Kundali

Sur Mandal

Jal Tarang

Madan Bheri

Dhol

Dhonsa

Damama

Dundubhi

Nisaan

Nagaara

Shankh

Ghanta

Jhaalar Takora

Muh Chang

Shing

Shehnai

Khanjari

Khanjari

Taal

Shat Taal

Manjira

Mahuvari

Thali

Mandal

Dimdim

Rai Gidgiddi

Pinaak

Rabab

Jantra

Shree Mandal

Saarangi

Sarod

Dudhari

Kartaal

Turi

Santoor

Bansuri

Aanak

Dholak

Upang

Muraj

Ranj

Jhalari

Veena

Rudra Veena

Saraswati Veena

Gau Mukh

Damaru

Dilruba

Murli